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Tourism in Romania is focused on the country’s natural landscapes and its history, and forms a major component of the economy of Romania. The number of tourists increased from 4.8 million in 2002 to 8.9 million in 2008, while tourism related revenues grew from $400 million in 2002 to $607 million in 2004. As such tourism is becoming an increasingly important source for Romania’s gross domestic product (GDP).Domestic and international tourism in Romania attracted €880 million overall investments in 2005 and generated about 4% of the country’s GDP, supporting 0.8 million jobs – the second largest component in the services sector after commerce. Two-thirds of all major trade fairs in Central Europe are held in Romania, each year; attracting 2 to 3 million business travelers, about 20% of whom are foreigners. The four most important international trade fairs take place in Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca, Iaşi and Timişoara.

Activities

  • Camping and hiking in the Carpathian Mountains
  • Skiing in the mountain resorts on the Prahova Valley: Sinaia, Bușteni, Predeal, Poiana Brașov, Azuga, Arieșeni
  • Black Sea resorts: Mamaia, Costinești, Eforie, Vama Veche
  • Medieval churches and monasteries of Moldavia and Bukovina
  • Danube Delta, the best preserved delta of Europe
  • Sighișoara town and medieval festival
  • Medieval castles and fortified churches of Transylvania
  • Folklore and traditions of Maramureș
  • Rural tourism
  • Spas and health resorts: Băile Herculane, Băile Felix, Sovata
  • Cultural cities of Sibiu, Brașov, Iași, Târgu Mureș, Timișoara, Cluj-Napoca, Bucharest and Alba Iulia
  • Museums
  • Iron Gates (Danube Gorge)
  • Hațeg Island
  • Mocăniţe: scenic narrow-gauge railways of Romania

Unique places

  • Turda Gorge seen from the west end
  • Berca Mud Volcanoes, in Buzău County
  • Scărișoara Cave, in Apuseni Mountains
  • The Fortress of Ponor Karst Complex, also in Apuseni Mountains
  • The Bears cave,
  • The Vârtop Cave,
  • The Tăuz Karst Spring,
  • The Living Fire ice cave,
  • The Sighiștel Valley,
  • Băița-Bihor Karst area,
  • Merry Cemetery, in Săpânța, Maramureș County
  • Palace of the Parliament, Bucharest
  • Transfăgărășan road
  • Turda Gorge (Cheile Turzii)
  • Turda Salt Mine
  • Transalpina Road

Festivals

  • George Enescu Festival, in Bucharest
  • PLAI Festival, in Timisoara
  • Garana Jazz Festival, in Poiana Lupului, Caras-Severin
  • Freedom Jazz Festival, in Vama Veche
  • Transilvania International Film Festival
  • BalKaniK Festival, in Bucharest
  • Peninsula / Félsziget Festival in Târgu Mureş – Romania’s biggest music festival
  • Sibiu Jazz Festival, in Sibiu
  • Golden Stag Festival, in Brașov
  • Stufstock rock music festival, in Vama Veche
  • Callatis Festival, in Mangalia

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